Here a graduate teacher provides clear learning goals, lesson overviews and clear directions for her students. Sound routines have been established so that prior to the start of the formal school day, students enter the class and practice literacy and numeracy exercises. This routine promotes engagement from the very beginning of the school day. The lesson is divided into whole group 'mat sessions' along with smaller group and individual activities. In addition to providing clear goals, a lesson overview and directions, the graduate teacher also provides positive encouragement to learners. She is able to discuss the rationale for her classroom management choices with her supervisor.