The class being planned for, and discussed, is a Year 9 English class in an all-boys school. The class has a heterogeneous student make-up from a diverse range of socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds. The school does not stream English classes, so students in the class have a wide range of academic abilities and learning needs. The class features one student on the State’s High-Needs Register and another on the Additional Needs Register. The classroom teacher, who is also the curriculum leader for English, is aware of the need to design teaching and learning programs that are not only inclusive but are also challenging for all students.