A teacher in a remote Indigenous community is responsible for teaching literacy across all levels of the school. In the video she works initially with students in the kindergarten using an oral language focus. With a middle primary group she selects an integrated literacy experience. The lesson involves students reflecting on similarities and differences between types of communities starting with their prior knowledge. The teacher ensures that students can express their knowledge in Gija, the local Aboriginal language and in Standard Australian English. She also describes the different uses she makes of diagnostic, formative and summative assessment, emphasising the use of student portfolios.