Early career teacher induction is a shared responsibility for all members of the teaching profession. Good induction is essential to support the transition from a pre-service teacher to becoming a member of the teaching profession. Induction should
build on the high-quality preparation of pre-service teachers in their initial teacher education.
The Guidelines for the Induction of Early Career Teachers in Australia describe why induction matters, the conditions for good induction, the focus of induction, effective strategies for induction, and the respective roles of organisations
and individuals in managing the delivery of high-quality induction programs.
These guidelines are written for early career teachers, mentors and supervising teachers, principals and school leaders, systems/sectors, and the broader profession.
The guidelines are based on research and provide practical advice to support high quality induction. They can be used to underpin the development of programs and practices to support early career teachers.
Quality induction is needed for all early career teachers; however, the design of induction programs varies according to a range of factors, including the:
- background and prior experiences of early career teachers
- decisions made by systems, sectors, and schools about the implementation of support for induction
- duration of induction based on the teacher’s background and situation
- local circumstances including geographical differences and demographics, and early career teachers’ employment status (including casual and part-time teachers).
Induction programs are most effective when they are implemented in contexts with a strong culture of collaboration and professional growth. Contexts where this culture exists encourage teachers to give and receive feedback, be challenged, and are
supported to learn.
Note: In these guidelines, the term ‘early career teacher’ is used to refer to teachers in the first two years of their teaching career. These teachers are sometimes referred to in other AITSL resources as ‘beginning teachers’.
These guidelines are intended for teachers working in schools, or early childhood settings within a school. AITSL acknowledges the different contexts of standalone early childhood settings, and that these guidelines may require adaptation according
to these contexts.
Teaching is a profession that is highly skilled and requires detailed preparation and support. Teachers have a strong shared identity as professionals and an established professional structure to sustain the quality of the profession. This structure
includes robust qualification and entry requirements, and a set of professional standards that form the basis for initial teacher education as well as full and continuing membership of the profession.
The process to enter the teaching profession starts when a person is accepted into a teaching qualification (an initial teacher education program). The content of all initial teacher education programs is underpinned by the Australian Professional
Standards for Teachers (the Teacher Standards) at the Graduate career stage. The Teacher Standards define what a teacher needs to know and be able to do to teach effectively. Pre-service teachers must meet each of the Graduate Teacher Standards,
demonstrate literacy and numeracy standards and have passed a rigorous teaching performance assessment to be accepted for entry into the teaching profession.
A teacher's professional identity starts to form when they are inducted into the profession. Their identity as a member of the teaching profession evolves through time and experience (Rojas et al. 2021). Research suggests that a well-developed professional
identity can lead to confidence, autonomy, commitment to teaching, improved teaching effectiveness and student outcomes (Flores 2020; Suarez & McGrath 2022; Yagan et al. 2022.)
Membership of a profession brings with it status, standing, responsibility, and accountability. A teacher's transition from a pre-service teacher to a member of the teaching profession starts at their induction.
Sharing expertise with new entrants to the teaching profession is an important role for teachers. There are many aspects of being a member of the teaching profession that are not covered through a workplace induction or by engaging in the registration
process. Expert teachers may cover these aspects as they guide new entrants by modelling professional conduct, including demonstrating exemplary ethical behaviour with students, colleagues, and the community; speaking positively about the teaching
profession; and publicly affirming the decisions of new entrants to join the profession.
Quality induction enables a Graduate teacher to undertake the transition from becoming a teacher to being a teacher. An induction provides the foundation for an early career teacher to:
- build their skills and knowledge to become an effective practitioner
- improve their capacity to engage with and teach learners with a diverse range of needs, such as students with disability, students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds and students experiencing disadvantage due to factors including
learning difficulty and socioeconomic circumstances
- understand their responsibilities and accountabilities as a member of the teaching profession.
Teacher registration is a requirement for all Australian teachers. Most teachers who start teaching have met the requirements for provisional registration. This means they have met the Graduate Teacher Standards and have demonstrated their suitability
to be a teacher.
The next career stage of the Teacher Standards is Proficient. The Proficient career stage is aligned to the requirements for full registration and is also mandatory for Australian teachers. Induction programs must ensure that early career teachers
understand the registration requirements of their relevant teacher regulatory authority.
A comprehensive induction process can reflect the complex nature of education, ensuring a greater chance to meet the needs of students by supporting the early career teacher, as well as their engagement with parents and carers, their school, and their
employing system or sector.
Induction supports the deployment and retention of teachers, including those in harder-to-staff and complex environments such as schools in regional and remote areas as well as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander teachers, who are underrepresented
in the workforce.
The key characteristics of innovative and effective induction programs include the following focus areas:
Workplace and community orientation
Effective induction practices should situate an early career teacher within their unfamiliar environment, include mandatory workplace orientation and introduce the teacher to the school setting and culture.
Roles and responsibilities
An early career teacher needs to understand the expectations of their role. This may include their responsibility as part of school-specific procedures, duty of care and understanding of how they fit within the wider school community.
The induction period is an opportunity to build on the teaching strategies developed in their initial teacher education to further their classroom skills. Throughout this period, early career teachers can employ emerging professional practices to
support their own continued development. These practices provide a basis for the early career teacher to deliver high-quality teaching and great learning outcomes for students.
Relationships and wellbeing
Activities which enable people to have skills such as networking, teaming, managing others as well as developing individual wellbeing are crucial to the success of the teacher (Hudson 2012; Wertzberger 2022). Since stress levels are a significant
driver of teacher resignation, stress management, resilience and empowerment can lead to a fulfilling and stable workforce (ACER 2020).
The term 'induction' in the context of these guidelines refers to the range of supports early career teachers receive when they enter the teaching profession.
Starting work as a teacher can be daunting and overwhelming. It is essential that early career teachers feel welcomed, well informed and equipped to do their job. Effective induction practices must situate teachers within their new environment.
The components of a workplace induction program should include an introduction to the school context, a schedule of introductions to key members of staff, an overview of school and workplace policies, the broader school community, information about
mandatory training, teacher registration requirements and pay and conditions.
Early career teachers enter the profession through a variety of pathways and are employed under a range of conditions. People enter initial teacher education programs straight from school or from an undergraduate degree. Alternatively, people enter
initial teacher education programs after working in other industries or professions.
Many teachers are trained overseas and start teaching in Australia for the first time. These teachers may not be early career teachers; however, they still require a structured induction.
A teacher may be engaged in full-time employment, part-time employment, employed on a teaching block or as a day-to-day casual relief teacher (CRT). A number of pre-service teachers enter the teaching workforce before they have graduated and may be
employed as paraprofessionals or as teachers.
An early career teacher’s background and employment status can affect their induction into the profession.
Induction for teachers who start their teaching career as day-to-day CRTs is challenging. These teachers still require induction support as they are expected to provide structured learning to their students as well as an understanding of the school
context. CRTs can be hired directly or through agencies, and as such every CRT has a different level of understanding of the school and the work of a CRT.
Effective teacher induction focuses on maximising a teacher’s impact on learners and builds on the knowledge and skills gained through the teacher’s initial teacher education.
A well-designed induction addresses the personal and professional demands of the role and can incorporate external agencies and individuals to support the teacher. A quality induction also establishes secure connections between the early career teachers
and the school, community, and system or sector.
Induction is most effective when undertaken over an extended period (approximately two years or more for full-time equivalent teachers) in settings with a strong learning culture and professional relationships. The use of mentors, colleagues and communities
of practice should be included in the induction program. Effective induction programs allow early career teachers to share their ideas, develop goals and collaborate with peers to improve their practice.
The inclusion of enhanced cultural safety, responsiveness, and support (by mentor teachers and leaders) and community collaboration are key conditions of effective induction practices. This support is particularly helpful for Aboriginal and Torres
Strait Islander teachers and should be incorporated into practice-based and generalised school induction.
Evaluation can be built into induction programs from their implementation. Outcomes from evaluations can inform the structure and implementation of future induction programs. Induction evaluations can measure characteristics such as satisfaction and
retention, practical application, logistics and the appropriateness of the program for the context.
There may also be context-specific conditions for induction. In regional and remote settings induction begins from recruitment and should include contextual introduction to the community and school. Induction in regional and remote settings can also
extend to supporting teachers to relocate (if applicable) and aiding their establishment in the local community.
Based on the evidence, a combination of elements underpins effective induction programs. Induction should not be an administratively-burdensome process. It is essential that the induction process does not become an additional task for early career
teachers. Induction should ease the early career teacher’s entry into the teaching profession.
Mentors are a key pillar of support for early career teachers. A mentor teacher is a knowledgeable, experienced, highly-effective teacher, with expertise, who works with or alongside an early career teacher or less experienced colleague (AITSL 2016).
Mentors are most effective when there are clear expectations about their role, they are selected based on a set of pre-requisites and qualities, they undergo specific training and there are resources to support the mentoring program.
All mentors should be trained to ensure the expectations of mentoring are equitable and understood. Mentors should meet nationally-agreed standards of practice.
Content and pedagogy
Induction programs should ensure that teachers have a thorough understanding of the curriculum, assessment, and reporting programs. The understanding of content encompasses three overarching skills: planning for and implementing effective teaching
and learning; creating and maintaining supportive and safe learning environments; and assessing and providing feedback on student learning.
Strategies for student engagement
A successful induction should cover strategies such as building relationships with students, inclusive technology use, and delivery of the curriculum in an engaging and relevant manner (Harris et al. 2020). This supports teachers to feel prepared
for the challenges of the classroom, including behaviour management and student engagement.
Assessment and evaluation
Teacher assessment and evaluation to support teacher growth is important. This type of support should be frequent and less formal (Clinton et al. 2019). Teacher assessment helps to improve teaching practice and includes classroom observations or coaching
and reflection activities. Formative evaluations prioritise frequent and timely feedback to inform teachers’ growth and development. These evaluations are tailored to learners’ needs and can be based on previous observations.
Documents showing evidence of teacher progress should be collected throughout an induction program. These can be used as evidence to support the achievement of the Teacher Standards for the purpose of teacher registration (AITSL 2017). Examples of
documentation include lesson plans, assessment tools and plans, records of feedback to students, lesson observation notes, and the development of individualised student learning plans.
Workplace and community orientation
Policy compliance and school processes
Teachers need to understand relevant policies to comply with their legal responsibilities. These policies include attendance, student discipline, emergency procedures, curriculum standards, student safety and wellbeing, disability support services,
including the National Consistent Collection of Data on School Students with Disability (NCCD) and records management. New teachers also need to learn school-specific systems and processes.
Many teachers start their careers as day-to-day casual relief teachers (CRTs). Schools have responsibility for the induction of day-to-day CRTs including:
- a duty of care for the wellbeing and workplace safety of CRTs.
- the introduction to relevant school policies, processes, and procedures
- providing practical information such as payroll and student administration systems.
Some schools develop a CRT handbook that is given to the CRT before they arrive. However, this should not be considered the entire induction process. CRTs can also engage with other staff to further their induction into the profession and pathway
to full registration.
Engagement with parents, carers and community
Engaging with parents, carers and the community is an essential element of teacher induction. Early career teachers need to understand how to establish respectful and collaborative relationships with parents and carers.
Hybrid learning enables teachers and parents/carers to interact more easily. A school-wide approach towards engaging with parents and carers helps to keep them informed in an appropriate way. A mutual understanding between parents/carers and teachers
provides effective support for students.
Format and delivery of an induction program
This includes online induction activities, team teaching with experienced teachers and online seminars (OECD 2021; Reeves et al. 2022).
There are some areas of induction that are better suited to an online format than others. For example, policy compliance and school processes can be effectively delivered online whereas pedagogical skills are best taught through observation and feedback
Group-based induction enables networking opportunities and integration into the new school environment; however, each teacher begins their role with unique experiences and opinions.
Online induction activities have their place within teacher induction. Virtual delivery provides high-quality induction to schools that may not have access to suitable staff. This results in more equal opportunities for teachers in regional and remote
schools but should not be used as the sole format for an induction program.
In-person coaching and mentoring is a highly effective induction strategy. Some induction content is less well suited to an online format; this is particularly true for pedagogical skills and student engagement techniques.
Formal and informal
Formal inductions delivered in a group setting are time-efficient and are effective at providing clear, consistent information on the school's procedures, values, and culture. Group inductions allow for different formats to be used, such as group
discussions, projects, presentations, tours, and socialising opportunities.
Informal induction mechanisms, such as an in-class coaching program and conversations with colleagues enable social connections to be formed. These social connections may be broad initially, however, as the teacher learns more about their colleagues,
they become more selective about their needs (Marz & Kelchtermans 2020). This typically results in early career teachers contacting each other informally, supporting the formal mentoring system.
Reduced teaching load
A reduced teaching load is a highly desirable characteristic of an induction program. Reduced schedules allow extra planning time for early career teachers, enable mentors and early career teachers to engage effectively and provide the environment
for full engagement in induction activities.
It is the responsibility of all teachers to know the context and Country on which they are teaching. This includes all teachers across metropolitan, regional, and remote settings. Identifying and learning about Country should be a core component of
induction processes and championed by systems, sectors, school leaders and teachers.
The following components can be used to support early career teachers to identify the Country they are working on and any protocols that exist when interacting with local Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community members.
Early career teachers need to understand the Country, community, and history of the location in which they are teaching. This supports their readiness to work in their school and community.
The following prompts can be used to support learning, teaching and induction practice.
What is Country?
"Country is the term often used by Aboriginal peoples to describe the lands, waterways and seas to which they are connected. The term contains complex ideas about law, place, custom, language, spiritual belief, cultural practice, material sustenance,
family, and identity.” (AIATSIS
Whose Country am I on?
Australia comprises many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nations and groups with their own customs, cultures, languages. There are many resources that can support this learning to identify the Country teachers are living and working on.
The Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) has a suite of resources, including the Map of Aboriginal and Torres
Islander Australia, that can help teachers identify whose Country they are on.
Teachers can learn about Country by accessing:
Teachers can identify Traditional Custodians, investigate specific areas of interest, and connect this information to enrich their teaching practice by exploring the following questions:
- Who are the Traditional Custodians of the land?
- What is the traditional name of the place you are working on?
- What is the history of the people from the local area?
- Are there any places of significance in and around your schooling community?
- Are there any figures of significance who are Custodians of your local area? Who are the Elders and leaders?
Many community groups are working to preserve and use Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages. In regional and remote communities, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities may speak multiple languages and dialects, including Aboriginal
English, and English.
Whether Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages are primary languages in a teacher’s community or not, it is important to understand the connection and importance of language and the protocols of using language in the local area.
Depending on the context, the following questions can be used to better understand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages:
- Do you know which languages the children in your community speak?
- Do you have strategies to assist you to teach English as an additional language or dialect?
- Does your school have policies and processes to support children and their families whose primary language is not English?
- How does your school engage with community members, many of whom are educational support professionals, to preserve language and support the teaching and learning of students whose primary language is not English? How will you ensure you build
an equal relationship with any local educators working at the school?
It is expected that early career teachers acquire this knowledge over the course of their induction. In the first instance, teachers can undertake initial research to ensure their teaching strategies address the language requirements of their students.
Mentors and school leaders are responsible for adequately preparing and informing early career teachers about school policies and practices that align with varied language requirements of students.
There are different protocols for engaging with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and community members in all contexts. Community protocols and engagement practices vary across different nations. It is important to identify and form
relationships with key community members to support community engagement and to understand ways of working.
Understanding these community protocols and building relationships are essential to teaching effectively. Early career teachers should be able to talk to mentor teachers or school leaders to access the basics and encourage further research and relationship
Mentor teachers and leaders can embed community protocols and ways of working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in recruitment and induction processes.
It is always recommended to speak to Elders and leaders, community members and esteemed locals, including education support staff, to identify best practices and to ask questions. Some examples of community protocols that may require clarification,
particularly in remote communities, are:
- the requirement to be welcomed to Country before working in a community
- identifying places that may be off-limits for people who are not Traditional Custodians
- how community protocols and dynamics may influence how families engage with each other.
Engagement with the community is a long-term commitment that should play a role in all teaching practices and school policy areas.
The Australian education system is a federated model that includes government and non-government schools and agencies that oversee school education. In addition, teacher registration is an essential part of a teacher’s induction, and each state
and territory has a teacher regulatory authority.
Induction is a responsibility shared across the profession and includes mentors, leaders and students. Each organisation plays a role in supporting and coordinating induction for new members of the teaching profession.
The following groups have a critical role in early career teacher induction:
- Initial teacher education providers
- Early career teachers
- School systems and sectors
- Principals and education leaders
- Teacher regulatory authorities
- Education support staff
- Professional and subject associations
- Broader school community members, including allied health professionals.
Initial teacher education providers
Teacher educators and initial teacher education (ITE) providers play a key role in the induction process for early career teachers. They support the development of the knowledge, skills and personal capabilities that provide the basis for entry to
Workplace-based models of ITE provide opportunities for providers to take an active role in teacher induction. Traditional and extended internship-style professional experience placements require strong partnerships between providers, employers, and
schools. There is a responsibility for ITE providers to ensure pre-service teachers are equipped to enter the classroom on graduation as well as being prepared for their placements, particularly for teachers who are placed or employed in regional
and remote settings.
ITE providers can set clear expectations and reduce any potential stress and feelings of uncertainty in the first days, weeks and months of placement and employment by communicating with pre-service teachers and schools.
Programs with a focus on supporting the diverse learning needs of all students, or regional and remote education, may further establish expertise and encourage employment in harder-to-staff schools.
ITE providers can also embed Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories, cultures and curriculum into their programs and create environments that value the diverse skillsets and expertise of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander pre-service teachers.
Providers can employ Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander experts to deliver units of study that focus on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander education and cultural capability training. These practices prepare early career teachers to teach
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students and create safe environments for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander colleagues.
Early career teachers
Early career teachers should be active agents in their own induction. Early career teachers need to engage in induction programs and activities and meet the expectations of the school or education setting.
Early career teachers may seek additional experiences, engage with professional networks, identify their learning requirements, and take responsibility for ensuring that their induction meets their needs. This requires engaging in self-reflection,
identifying learning needs and setting goals with mentors. It includes actively seeking expertise from colleagues and networks. By keeping the diverse needs of all learners at the centre of their practice, early career teachers can adjust their
own professional learning to build on and grow effective teaching practices.
Individuals who have pursued a career change to teaching mid-career typically enter the profession with different expertise, expectations and experience. Despite their existing expertise and experience, this is the first time that they are employed
as teachers and need to meet the same induction stages as other early career teachers.
Teachers entering the profession mid-career may need to adjust the expectations of their professional identity. These teachers may also deal with the added complexity of juggling additional responsibilities such as caring for ageing parents and family
School systems and sectors
Systems and sectors deliver the policy, program, resourcing, evaluation, and accountability frameworks that underpin structured and effective induction programs.
They take account of varying employment arrangements and local circumstances that affect the implementation of induction programs. The role of the system, sector and school will vary and intersect in diverse ways depending on the jurisdiction. There
are general elements that should be considered in the development of induction policies and programs. These include providing early career teachers with:
- high-quality induction practices that are subject to ongoing evaluation
- career-specific learning and development resources and experiences
- opportunities to build early career teacher expertise
- specific advice around the services and procedures in place to support the needs of students with disability, learning difficulties, disadvantage and diverse socioeconomic contexts
- networking events, including professional networks for teachers in regional and remote settings or Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander teachers.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander teachers should be supported through jurisdictional policies and arrangements such as cultural leave or targeted recruitment policies. Systems and sectors must be aware of such policies and arrangements and ensure
they are shared with schools and staff to create an inclusive and safe working environment. Further requirements for school leaders and their obligations can be found under
and education leaders.
In regional and remote settings, systems and sectors need to communicate positive narratives about teaching in regional and remote contexts. Systems and sectors may also provide incentives to support schools and early career teachers in regional and
Principals and education leaders
Good induction can be fostered by principals and education leaders who promote a strong learning culture in their schools and education settings. A strong culture includes building and supporting relationships for the induction and support of early
Principals and leaders play a key role in establishing professional relationships with early career teachers to support their wellbeing. They also help them to understand culture, practices, workplace health and safety, and expectations of their local
context. This requires taking a personal interest in the early career teacher’s welfare and development, to model and foster trust and collegial relationships. It also requires enabling collaborative opportunities for early career teachers
and ensuring the provision of training and support for mentors.
School leaders have responsibilities to ensure school policies and procedures are clearly shared with and reflect the needs of early career teachers. This will ensure early career teachers understand what is required of them, but also what they can
expect of the school to support them.
Specific Commonwealth laws and policies that protect students must be followed, including:
In regional and remote school settings, teachers may have additional responsibilities. The small staff size often means supervising teachers work across multiple year levels and subject areas. Principals and leaders need to carefully manage the workload
of early career teachers so that they can focus on their core responsibilities.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander teachers may require access to specific arrangements including cultural leave provisions. Principals and employees should understand the policies and agreements that exist to support such arrangements. Employers
will have different cultural leave provisions; these may be unpaid leave days in some cases.
development resources are an excellent set of resources that can be used in conjunction with broader school policies to create culturally safe and welcoming workplaces for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander staff members.
Teacher regulatory authorities
Teacher registration is a critical part of induction. Applying for teacher registration is the first step in a teacher’s formal entry into the teaching profession. Teacher registration assures the safety, competency, and quality of the profession
Teacher regulatory authorities establish the policy, program and accountability frameworks that enable early career teachers to move from provisional to full registration. Their policies take account of varying employment arrangements and local circumstances
that affect the implementation of the movement from provisional to full registration.
Mentors are central to the success of a teacher’s induction. The role of the mentor teacher will vary depending on context and the early career teacher’s needs.
In regional and remote areas, the roles and responsibilities of mentors are varied and include early career teacher mentoring as well as community mentoring. Mentors from across the community can provide a support network for the early career teacher.
This also has the benefit of reducing the workload of a school-based mentor. In addition, schools, school clusters and regions can share mentors.
Mentors can work across geographical regions, ensuring that all early career teachers have access to a mentor. This allows schools in regional and remote areas to have mentors who support early career teachers and pre-service teachers in the area.
This can be viewed as a community building initiative and an opportunity to establish and reinforce a sense of belonging and connectedness.
Mentor teachers can support a working environment that is culturally responsive to the needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander teachers, allowing for quality induction and teaching practices.
The following considerations can support mentors of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander early career teachers.
Mentors should create a safe environment that allows Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander teachers to confide in their mentor if unsafe situations arise, including racially-biased interactions with staff, parents and carers, and community members.
Mentor teachers need to understand cultural load and strategies to mitigate cultural load. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander early career teachers’ professional identity is more than their heritage. Mentor teachers must be aware of the impact
of expectations that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander teachers represent all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, particularly in communities with few or any other Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander teachers.
Relationships and power dynamics
Mentor teachers can create relationships that address the power dynamics between mentors and early career teachers, particularly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander teachers. Mentors need to establish space and channels for sensitive communication
and two-way feedback.
Education support staff
The induction process should include the relationship between early career teachers and education support staff.
The definition of education support staff varies across jurisdictions. Generally, education support staff (ESS) comprise roles that involve duties and responsibilities across student or teacher support, administrative or operational support and/or
health and wellbeing services (Department of Education Victoria 2022).
Although ESS responsibilities differ across jurisdictions, educational context, systems, schools, and communities, there are some common elements. The relationship between early career teachers and ESS can be fostered through strategies implemented
by school leaders, early career teachers and ESS.
School leaders should:
- ensure that early career teachers and ESS are introduced
- provide clear expectations of the early career teacher and ESS relationship
- provide regular opportunities for the early career teacher and ESS to collaborate
- outline how the ESS support students with disability or experiencing disadvantage.
Early career teachers should understand:
- their role in relation to ESS
- the resources to share and collaborate with ESS
- who to go for further advice.
Education support staff should understand:
- their role in supporting the early career teacher
- the information to be shared with the early career teacher
- who to go for further advice.
Professional and subject associations
Professional associations provide valuable information and professional support for early career teachers. They provide current information about curriculum and policy developments and offer useful and practical professional development programs.
Importantly, they provide early career teachers with access to networks of experienced and expert teachers as well as other early career teachers. Professional associations provide early career teachers with support and collegiality outside of
their employment environment.
Teacher unions represent the industrial interests of teachers as well as providing professional support to their members. Unions provide current information about working conditions including teacher awards and industrial agreements. Early career
teachers can attend conferences and undertake professional learning opportunities organised by their union to support their knowledge and understanding of induction and registration requirements.
Community and allied health professionals
Education professionals are often required to work with community groups and allied health professionals to support families and meet the needs of their learners. This is particularly relevant when addressing the needs of students with disability,
learning difficulties and/or disadvantage, and culturally and linguistically diverse learners.
It is important that induction processes support early career teachers to develop the skills needed to leverage relationships with community members and groups, and allied health professionals. Partnerships such as these can assist learners to grow
and develop with the support of a team that is able to share knowledge and work towards common goals.
To foster these relationships, leaders, schools and systems can:
- acknowledge local service providers by introducing them to early career teachers and supporting awareness of their role in the community
- provide relevant information to early career teachers prior to meetings with community stakeholders and allied health professionals
- highlight the role of collaborative relationships in supporting the needs of learners
- facilitate strong relationships within the community by modelling collaborative and inclusive leadership.
Induction is a critical foundation to shape the teaching performance of early career teachers. It is a time when early career teachers form their professional identity and reflect on their decision enter the teaching profession.
Employers, principals, school leaders, and senior teachers are responsible for providing early career teachers with an induction that meets their needs across all educational contexts and provides a structure for them to become proficient practitioners.
Encouraging and providing structured guidance to early career teachers affirms the decisions of senior teachers to be members of the teaching profession. Early career teachers who complete an effective induction are better prepared for their prime
responsibility of teaching and improving student learning.
Australian Council for Educational Research, 2020, 'The Australian Report Volume 2: Teachers and School Leaders as Valued Professionals', The Teaching and Learning International Survey 2018, viewed 06 May 2023.
Australian Government Department of Education 2005, Disability Standards for Education 2005, Australian Government Department of Education, Canberra, viewed 10 June 2023. https://www.education.gov.au/disability-standards-education-2005
Australian Government Department of Education 2023, Child Safe Policy, Australian Government Department of Education, Canberra, viewed 10 June 2023. https://www.education.gov.au/about-department/resources/child-safe-policy
Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership 2016, Graduate to Proficient-Australian guidelines for teacher induction into the profession. AITSL, Melbourne, Victoria, viewed 05 June 2023. https://www.aitsl.edu.au/docs/default-source/national-policy-framework/2020/final-graduate-to-proficient-(web).pdf?sfvrsn=1f16d53c_4
Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership 2017, Australian Professional Standards for Teachers, AITSL, viewed 14 May 2023. https://www.aitsl.edu.au/standards
Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership 2018, One Teaching Profession: Teacher Registration in Australia, AITSL, viewed 23 June 2023. https://www.aitsl.edu.au/docs/default-source/national-review-of-teacher-registration/report/one-teaching-profession---teacher-registration-in-australia.pdf
Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership 2022, Building a culturally responsive Australian workforce, AITSL, Melbourne, Victoria, viewed 05 June 2023. https://www.aitsl.edu.au/teach/intercultural-development/building-a-culturally-responsive-australian-teaching-workforce
Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership 2023, Environmental Scan of Mentoring Programs, AITSL, viewed 01 June 2023. https://www.aitsl.edu.au/docs/default-source/default-document-library/environmental-scan_final.pdf?sfvrsn=6358b53c_0
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies 2022, Welcome to Country, AIATSIS, Canberra, ACT, viewed 10 June 2023. https://aiatsis.gov.au/explore/welcome-country
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies 2022, Map of Indigenous Australia, AIATSIS, Canberra, ACT, viewed 10 June 2023. https://aiatsis.gov.au/explore/map-indigenous-australia
Clinton, J, Aston, R, Qing, E & Keamy, K 2019, Teaching Practice Evaluation Framework: Final Report, Centre for Program Evaluation, Melbourne Graduate School of Education, The University of Melbourne, viewed 05 May 2023. https://www.education.gov.au/data-and-research-schooling/resources/teaching-practice-evaluation-framework
Department of Education 2022, Dimensions of Work – Education Support Class, Department of education, Melbourne, Victoria, viewed 21 June 2023. https://www2.education.vic.gov.au/pal/dimensions-work-education-support-class/overview
Frederiksen, L 2020, ‘Support for newly qualified teachers through teacher induction programs – a review of reviews’, New teachers in Nordic countries – ecologies of mentoring and induction, Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP
(Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing), pp. 49–70.
Harris, L, Dargusch, J, Ames, K & Bloomfrield, C 2020, ‘Catering for ‘very different kids’: distance education teachers’ understandings of and strategies for student engagement’, International Journal of Inclusive
Education, vol. 26, no. 8. pp.848-864.
Hudson, P 2012, How Can Schools Support Beginning teachers? A Call for Timely Induction and Mentoring for Effective Teaching, Australian Journal of Teacher Education, vol. 37, no. 7, viewed 23 June 2023. http://dx.doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2012v37n7.1
Miller, J, Youngs, P 2021, ‘Person-organization fit and first-year teacher retention in the United States’, Teaching and Teacher Education, vol 97, no.103226.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2021, ‘A good start in uncertain times: Preparing teachers for a successful career’, OECD Education Policy Perspectives, No. 28, OECD Publishing, Paris.
Reeves, T, Hamilton, V & Onder, Y 2022, ‘Which teacher induction practices work? Linking forms of induction to teacher practices, self-efficacy, and job satisfaction’, Teaching and Teacher Education, vol. 109, no 103546.
Sivertsen N, Ryder C, Johnson T 2023, First Nations people often take on the ‘cultural load’ in their workplaces. Employers need to ease this burden, The Conversation, 31 January, viewed 20 June 2023. https://theconversation.com/first-nations-people-often-take-on-the-cultural-load-in-their-workplaces-employers-need-to-ease-this-burden-193858
Weerianna Street Media 2015, Welcome to Country, version 1.2, mobile app [Apple], Weerianna Street Media, Western Australia.
Wertzberger, E 2022, ‘“Teaching through What They’re Going Through”: A Case Study of First-Year Teachers’ Induction Experiences during the COVID-19 Pandemic’, Kansas State University, viewed 03 April 2023.
Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (CWlth)