Australian Professional Standards for Teachers

Investigating compost

About this Illustration of Practice

In this lesson, students learn to make scientific observations to determine what can and cannot be used as compost. The teacher uses targeted questioning to determine students' knowledge and thought processes and to facilitate reflection and deeper understanding. He sets explicit learning goals and refers back to these in a discussion at the end of the lesson.

Standard 2
Know the content and how to teach it
Focus area 2.2
Content selection and organisation
Career stage
Highly Accomplished
Exhibit innovative practice in the selection and organisation of content and delivery of learning and teaching programs.
  1. What opportunities are there for students to explore the "real world" in your classes?
  2. How would you recognise 'innovative practice' and where have you seen it in your school context?
  3. How can you utilise your school's local environment to support learning?
Learning area
Year level
Year 1
Australian Curriculum content descriptions
Balnarring Primary School
Year level
Year 1
Related subject
Stage of schooling
School type
School location
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Balnarring Primary School is located 70 km south-east of Melbourne. The school’s mission statement is to develop competent, curious learners who strive to do their best and both respect and care for themselves, others and the environment. The school employs a specialist science teacher to devise and deliver a science program in a dedicated science room from Foundation to Year 6. The school community highly values its wetlands and sustainability area. These provide rich contexts for students to actively learn about sustainability and demonstrate their care for the environment. 

© Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership (AITSL), 2014 (except where indicated under acknowledgements). You may use, reproduce and adapt this material for educational purposes until 30 June 2019, provided you retain this notice and all acknowledgements associated with the material.