Australian Professional Standards for Teachers

Engaging every learner

About this Illustration of Practice

In a year 9 class where students are studying a text for English, a graduate teacher explores ways in which every student can participate in the learning. She is able to implement, and later reflect on a range of inclusive learning strategies, such as the use of more specific questioning, assigning specific roles to particular students, and the use of more precise questioning.

Standard 4
Create and maintain supportive and safe learning environments
Focus area 4.1
Support student participation
Career stage
Identify strategies to support inclusive student participation and engagement in classroom activities.
  1. What strategies do you use to engage learners?
  2. How can you encourage students to participate more actively in class discussions?
  3. How can you promote a more collegial environment in your classroom?
Peel Language Development Primary School
Western Australia
Year level
Year 9
Related subject
Stage of schooling
School type
School location
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MacRobertson Girls’ High School is a select entry public school in Melbourne, catering for students from years 9–12. At the school, a graduate teacher identifies the risk of creating a learning environment that is too teacher centred, and discusses strategies with her supervisor to make the teaching and learning more inclusive. She subsequently employs a range of strategies to engage students who may feel anxious about speaking in front of the entire class.

Content provider
AITSL Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership

© Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership (AITSL), 2012 (except where indicated under acknowledgements). You may use, reproduce and adapt this material for educational purposes until 30 June 2019, provided you retain this notice and all acknowledgements associated with the material.