Australian Professional Standards for Teachers

Guided reading

About this Illustration of Practice

A graduate teacher uses guided reading as a strategy for differentiating teaching to target the learning needs of year 5 students across a range of abilities. At the beginning of the lesson, the teacher provides clear instructions to each of the working/ability groups that she has created based on previously undertaken formative assessments. The literacy tasks set for each group are designed to cater for a range of specific but common learning needs. Four of the five groups are instructed to work both independently and collaboratively on tasks designed by the teacher. The teacher then works with one group on a 'reading aloud' activity. During the activity, the teacher supports students, asks questions about what they are reading and provides explicit teaching at point of need. 

Standard 1
Know students and how they learn
Focus area 1.5
Differentiate teaching to meet the specific learning needs of students across the full range of abilities
Career stage
Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of strategies for differentiating teaching to meet the specific learning needs of students across the full range of abilities.
Other descriptors
Standard 2
Know the content and how to teach it
Focus area 2.5
Literacy and numeracy strategies
Career stage
Know and understand literacy and numeracy teaching strategies and their application in teaching areas.
  1. How could you identify the specific learning needs of students across the full range of abilities in your classroom?
  2. What process do you use to select and evaluate content and resources that target literacy needs of student groups across the range of abilities in your class?
O’Connor Primary School
Western Australia
Year level
Year 5
Related subject
Stage of schooling
School type
School location
View full map

O’Connor Primary School is located in Kalgoorlie-Boulder, 600km east of Perth. The students in this year 5 class have a diverse range of literacy and numeracy learning needs. Reading is a focus across the school and additional resources are allocated to curriculum support and appropriate professional development to strengthen the emphasis on reading. All teachers in the school have implemented a Literacy Block with a focus on specific strategies designed to improve the reading skills of all students.

Content provider
Country Education Partnership – Western Australia (CEP–WA)
Content provider
Society for the Provision of Education for Rural Australia (SPERA)
Content provider
Tertiary Educators Rural, Remote and Regional Network (TERRR Network)

© Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership (AITSL), 2012 (except where indicated under acknowledgements). You may use, reproduce and adapt this material for educational purposes until 30 June 2019, provided you retain this notice and all acknowledgements associated with the material.