Australian Professional Standards for Teachers

Inclusive play

About this Illustration of Practice

In a play-based learning session, a pre-service teacher explores a number of strategies for how she can use her role to facilitate student participation and engagement. These include assisting students to join and rejoin groups, extending students to participate in more challenging activities, and facilitating group activities. The challenge for the teacher is how far to exert her authority in a situation where notionally the play and activities is student-centred and determined.

Standard 4
Create and maintain supportive and safe learning environments
Focus area 4.1
Support student participation
Career stage
Identify strategies to support inclusive student participation and engagement in classroom activities.
Other descriptors
Standard 4
Create and maintain supportive and safe learning environments
Focus area 4.3
Manage challenging behaviour
Career stage
Demonstrate knowledge of practical approaches to manage challenging behaviour.
  1. What are some of the strategies you use to encourage participation by all individuals and groups in your classroom activities?
  2. What strategies can teachers use to make sure that teaching and learning time is provided equitably to all students in a class?
Ross Park Primary School
Northern Territory
Year level
Year 1
Stage of schooling
School type
School location
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Ross Park is the oldest government primary school in Alice Springs. It has almost 400 students of which 25 per cent are Indigenous. At the school, a pre-service teacher from Charles Darwin University is in her final round of teaching practice. A play-based learning session is timetabled for younger students to allow them to become more actively engaged in learning. The teacher's role is to facilitate their engagement.

Content provider
Education Services Australia

© Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership (AITSL), 2012 (except where indicated under acknowledgements). You may use, reproduce and adapt this material for educational purposes until 30 June 2019, provided you retain this notice and all acknowledgements associated with the material.