Australian Professional Standards for Teachers

Circle time

About this Illustration of Practice

A pre-service teacher at an Alice Springs primary school uses a class reflection session with students to enable them to clarify and discuss their learning goals. Initially she uses a learning circle, where individuals can speak about their goals as well as listening to the goals of others. After reinforcing class rules for group interactions, she sets students the task of responding to set questions about goals in random groups. The teacher supports the group activity through strategic questioning. Each of the activities in the session is designed by the teacher to improve the students' capacity to listen attentively, participate, and work effectively in groups

Standard 3
Plan for and implement effective teaching and learning
Focus area 3.1
Establish challenging learning goals
Career stage
Set learning goals that provide achievable challenges for students of varying abilities and characteristics.
Other descriptors
Standard 4
Create and maintain supportive and safe learning environments
Focus area 4.1
Support student participation
Career stage
Identify strategies to support inclusive student participation and engagement in classroom activities.
  1. What kinds of learning goals do you set for students in your class/es?
  2. How should learning goals, which establish achievable challenges for students of varying abilities be worked out?
  3. How often do learning goals need to be reviewed?
Ross Park Primary School
Northern Territory
Year level
Year 4
Year 5
Stage of schooling
School type
School location
View full map

Ross Park is the oldest government primary school in Alice Springs. It has almost 400 students of which 25 per cent are Indigenous. At the school, a pre-service teacher from Charles Darwin University is in her final round of teaching practice with a year 4/5 composite class. In focusing whole class discussion and small group activities on learning goals, the pre-service teacher aims to develop the students' personal and social skills, which she considers essential for their current stage of development.

Content provider
Education Services Australia

© Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership (AITSL), 2012 (except where indicated under acknowledgements). You may use, reproduce and adapt this material for educational purposes until 30 June 2019, provided you retain this notice and all acknowledgements associated with the material.