Australian Professional Standards for Teachers

Sentence structure

About this Illustration of Practice

A classroom teacher models teaching strategies to a colleague that she uses in a year one literacy lesson that aims to address the individual learning needs of her students. The lesson is based on improving the children’s oral language skills in particular how to structure a sentence during a whole class session and a small focus group.

Standard 2
Know the content and how to teach it
Focus area 2.5
Literacy and numeracy strategies
Career stage
Apply knowledge and understanding of effective teaching strategies to support students’ literacy and numeracy achievement.
Other descriptors
Standard 1
Know students and how they learn
Focus area 1.3
Students with diverse linguistic, cultural, religious and socioeconomic backgrounds
Career stage
Design and implement teaching strategies that are responsive to the learning strengths and needs of students from diverse linguistic, cultural, religious and socioeconomic backgrounds.
  1. What effective strategies do you use to improve students’ literacy achievement?
  2. How do you differentiate your teaching to cater for students with diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds?
Learning area
Year level
Year 1
Australian Curriculum content descriptions
St Anthony of Padua Primary School
Year level
Year 1
Related subject
Stage of schooling
School type
Non Government
School location
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The school in outer suburban Melbourne has approximately 300 students. It has an increasing number of students from EAL/D backgrounds, many of which are represented in the teacher’s class. In year 1, there are a number of students that have been identified as requiring support in oral language and literacy. The school encourages professional learning through peer observation. Another year 1 teacher observes the lesson in order to improve her knowledge and understanding of the strategies used to improve students literacy skills.

Content provider
Catholic Education Office Melbourne (CEOM)

© Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership (AITSL), 2012 (except where indicated under acknowledgements). You may use, reproduce and adapt this material for educational purposes until 30 June 2019, provided you retain this notice and all acknowledgements associated with the material.